What is Botox?
Botulinum toxin is a protein extracted from bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is extracted and highly purified under stringent conditions before being used. When injected in the muscle tissue, it blocks the release of neurotransmitter acetyl choline at the nerve terminals. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter, which when released from the nerve endings, act on muscle endplate causing it to contract. When Botox blocks the release of acetylcholine, the nerve to muscle transmission gets blocked. Due to this effect the muscle gets relaxed and is unable to contract. This effect is clinically perceived as ironing out of wrinkles. It finds uses both in the field of medicine and cosmetology, some of which are listed below.
BOTOX-INDICATIONS AND USES
Commercial brands are marketed under brand of Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA), Dysport (abobotulinumtoxinA), and Xeomin (incobotulinumtoxinA). In medicine it has been used over more than a decade to treat various conditions such as cerebral palsy, spasticity, overactive bladder, chronic migraine headaches etc. it also has been used extensively in ophthalmological conditions. It finds its uses both in adults and children. This points to the established safety of the product.
In cosmetology it has varied number of uses. It has been FDA approved for the treatment of forehead lines, lines around the eyes (crowns feet) and frown lines. Other indications include slimming of face (masseter injection), smoker’s line (around mouth), drooping lip angles, Nefertiti neck lift, excessive sweating of hands and feet etc. The treatment has grown extremely popular among the patients, due to predictable and satisfying results as well as minimal downtime involved.
Mesobotox is another form of botox treatment which is very popular among patients. It involves injecting diluted amount of product to reduce the appearance of fine lines and open pores. It also provides glow to the face and has a lifting effect.
It has become the most preferred non-invasive treatment to erase wrinkles and fine lines with minimal downtime.
HOW DO WRINKLES FORM?
Wrinkles form as part of the natural ageing process. With ageing the epidermis becomes thinner and dryer. The dermis below which supports the epidermis becomes loose and sags. The collagen and elastin fibre network that forms a support system starts to break down. There is atrophy of the fat layer resulting in drooping of skin and formation of wrinkles.
They are of two kinds-Static and Dynamic. Static wrinkles also called as fine lines are seen on the resting face without facial expressions. These occur due to the breakdown of collagen fibres present underneath the skin. The network of collagen helps to keep the skin stretched out. Due to breakage of this network the skin becomes loose and fine lines appear. Ageing, genetic factors, UV exposure. Smoking are some of the factors that accelerate the appearance of fine lines. Botox does not have much effect on the static wrinkles of the face.
Dynamic wrinkles form as a result of overactivity of muscle fibres. The musculature of the face is responsible for the expressions that we emote. The wrinkles that appear on the face while facial expressions is are called dynamic wrinkles. Examples include, lines appearing at corners of the eyes while smiling, frown lines appearing on forehead etc.
Botox is used to predominantly treat dynamic lines of the face. These days, it is being viewed more as a preventive treatment, as a result patients wants to go in for the treatment at a younger age to prevent the development of wrinkles in the first place. Since the muscles get relaxed after the injection, it prevents the dynamic wrinkles.
Treatment is started after patient consent and documented clinical photographs of the treatment areas. Clinician use botulinum toxin by diluting it with saline. Numbing cream is applied 30-45 mins before the procedure to make the injection less painful. Effect of the injection starts in 5-7 days and reaches peak in 10-15 days. Duration of the procedure is 30 mins and the effect lasts 4-6 months. Make sure the procedure is done by an expert with proper training. At meraki skin clinic, Gurgaon highly trained professionals provide the treatment to give best results.
A trained professional is well versed with the dosing and the injection technique. This is vital to get the desired results as well as for minimal side effects. Since facial aesthetics differ in different patients it is important that you and your doctor are on the same page when discussing the desired results. Prior understanding of the results helps to establish a better long term journey.
Who can get botox treatment done?
The doctor after a through consultation decides who is the right candidate for the treatment and what results you can expect. Before the treatment detailed medical history of the patient is discussed to rule out any contraindications. It is important that you get the procedure done by an expert injector to get the best results.
When getting the procedure done for the first time, it is important that a detailed medical history is noted regarding any allergies, current or past medical treatments and procedures, any medications that the patient is undertaking. This is important to rule out any unforeseen events and to establish better trans piracy with the treating doctor.
It is a well-tolerated procedure. Adverse effects are uncommon if done by an expert. The product has been used for more than a decade and has already established safety.
Absolute contraindications are listed below. It is important to rule out these contraindications before the procedure.
- Any known sensitivity for the product
- Infection at the injection site
Book your appointment at Meraki skin clinic, Gurugram to get the best botox experience!! We always strive to deliver the best results.